Mexican female artist, wife of Diego Rivera. Her works are under strong influence of folk Mexican arts, culture of “pre-Columbian” civilizations of America. There is also influence of European painting.
Spanish artist, painter, graphic artist, sculptor, director. One of the most famous representatives of surrealism.
Marc Zakharovich Chagall
Russian, Byelorussian and French artist and poet (Yiddish) of Jewish origin. One of the most famous representatives of artistic avant-garde of the XXth century. At the present moment there exists the Chagall Committee which includes four heirs of the great artist.
Italian artist, one of the most famous artists of the end of the XIXth – beginning of the XXth century, graphic representative of expressionism. He belonged to the Paris School. The best manifestation of his talent was in the portrait genre.
Spanish artist, sculptor, graphic artist, ceramist and designer. Founder of cubism (jointly with Georges Braque), in which a three-plane object was originally painted as a number of combined planes. Pablo Picasso has a lot of imitators and produced exclusive influence on development of art in the XXth century.
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich
Soviet and Russian avant-garde artist, one of founders of suprematism – one of directions of abstract art. Theorist of arts and philosopher. From 1923 to 1927 – Director of the Leningrad State Institute of Art Culture. Founder of avant-garde association UNOVIS (Asserters of New Art).
French artist, sculptor, graphic artist, leader of fauvism. He is known for his research of transfer of emotions through color and form. Master of decorative art. He worked in different genres and types of art using various techniques.
Vincent van Gogh
World-famous Netherlandian and French post-impressionist artist. For him heightened emotional perception of the world it is typical; that was consonant with many artistic initiatives of the XXth century. Vincent van Gogh takes a special place among masters of post-impressionism.
Vasily Ivanovich Surikov
Great Russian painter, master of large-scale historical canvas. He participated in painting of choirs of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. In 1881 he joined the Peredvizhniki movement. Full member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1893).
Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov
Outstanding Russian artist, master of historical and folk paintings. He started exhibit his paintings in 1869, first in expositions of the Academy of Arts, then – in the Peredvizhniki exhibitions. In 1893 he became a full member of the Academy of Arts, after 1905 he joined the Union of Russian People. Brother of artist A.M. Vasnetsov.
French painter, one of main representatives of post-impressionism, his early period of work was connected with impressionism. He was also engaged in sculpture, ceramics and graphics.
Ilya Yefimovich Repin
Russian artist, painter, master of portraits as well as historical and everyday-life scenes. In 1893 he became a full member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. In 1894-1907 he was a professor-head of a workshop in the Academy of Arts. He was also a memoirist and author of a number of essays collected in memoir book Remote and Near.
French painter, graphic artist and sculptor. One of leading representatives of impressionism. He was one of organizers of the exhibition known in history as the first impressionist exhibition. In 1900, he was awarded the Legion of Honor, and in 1911 – officer of the Legion of Honor.
French artist, one of founders of impressionism as artistic movement. He participated in the first impressionist exhibition. Paintings of Claude Monet of his late period of work are close to expressionism in manner.
Ivan Nikolayevich Kramskoi
Russian painter, master of genre, historical and portrait painting. Artistic critic. He was one of organizers and ideologists of the Peredvizhniki movement. He played decisive role at all stages of development of advanced Russian art in 1860-1870.
French painter, graphic artist and sculptor. One of the most prominent and original representatives of impressionism, he was widely acknowledged during his lifetime. He was a universal artist not only from the point of view of genres, but also techniques used in his works.
Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin
Russian landscape painter, artist, draftsman and printmaker. Academician (1865), professor (1873), head of landscape workshop (1894-1895) of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Founder and member of the Peredvizhniki movement. Master of lithography and etching. Outstanding landscape master, he inherently combines romanticism and realism features in his paintings and graphics.
Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky
Worldwide famous Russian seascape painter, collector. Brother of Armenian historian, priest Gabriel Aivazovsky. The Feodosia Art Gallery founded by the painter and named after him nowadays, contains the best collection of works of the great master.
Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov
Russian artist, master of historical painting, representative of academism. Author of grandiose canvas The Appearance of Christ before the People which he painted for 20 years. Works of the painter are exhibited in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow and Russian Museum in St. Petersburg.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
Outstanding Spanish painter, printmaker, draftsman and innovator. He was the first painter to address actual events in his work. Francisco Goya produced significant influence on development of arts in XIX-XXth centuries.