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马诺哈尔•徳塞易

马诺哈尔•徳塞易

马诺哈尔•徳塞易

普纳,印度

书法家、设计师

History of Indian calligraphy

India is known for its diverse scripts and languages. You find a different language, script and culture as you cross a border of any State of India. Hindi is the national language of India and ‘Devnagari’ is the script used for writing this language.

Asoka's edicts (c. 265–238 BC) were committed to stone. These inscriptions are stiff and angular in form. Asoka was the first Indian emperor to promote his dynasty through carved stones and pillars. The amenities he created for the villages, stone engraved rules of law of his dynasty, still serve as living reflections of Indian history. Following the Asoka style of Indian writing, two new calligraphic types appear: Kharoṣṭhī and Brahmi. Kharoṣṭhī was used in the northwestern regions of India from the 3rd century BC to the 4th century of the Christian Era, and it was used in Central Asia until the 8th century.

History of Indian calligraphy

Brahmi script is the origin of Devnagari script. ‘Dev’ means God, and ‘Nagari’ means city. Thus Devnagari means script from the city of Gods. Direction of writing Devnagari is left to right in horizontal motion. Religious texts are the most frequent subject for calligraphy. Monastic Buddhist communities had members trained in calligraphy having shared responsibility for duplicating sacred scriptures. Jaina traders incorporated illustrated manuscripts celebrating Jaina saints. The holy book of the Sikhs has been traditionally handwritten with illuminated examples.

Copper was a favoured material for Indian inscriptions. In the north of India, birch bark was used as a writing surface as early as the 2nd century AD. Many Indian manuscripts were written on palm leaves, even after the Indian languages were put on paper in the 13th century. Both sides of the leaves were used for writing. Long rectangular strips were gathered on top of one another, holes were drilled through all the leaves, and the book was held together by string. Books of this manufacture were common to Southeast Asia. The palm leaf was an excellent surface for penwriting, making possible the delicate lettering used in many of the scripts of southern Asia.

In the 16th Century Saint Ramdas from Maharshtra one of the States of India wrote many things about the beautiful handwriting process. He highlighted the fine nuances calligraphy like posture, ways of holding the tool, treatment of surface, neatness, blackness of the ink, etc.

Indian Calligraphists over history have worked with a wide range of materials ranging from clay coins, stone, metal, cloth, leaves to paper. Exquisitely styled ink-pots are a special feature of Indian Calligraphy. India has a rich heritage of Calligraphy in the form of documents and monuments.

作者的作品

字母表——2008

布、丙烯、毛笔,51х70cm, 2008年

莫斯科期待一场雪

纸、墨、颜料、毛笔,76х55cm, 2008年

书法之美

布、丙烯、毛笔,80х50cm, 2008年

字母的魅力

纸、墨、毛笔,44х69cm, 2008年

G

纸、墨、毛笔,38х71cm, 2008年

钦古

纸、墨、毛笔,35х71cm, 2008年

在某一个国家…

纸、墨、颜料、毛笔,59х91cm, 2008年

窗户

纸、墨、颜料、毛笔,79х59cm, 2008年

ABC框

纸、墨、颜料、毛笔,82х60cm, 2008年

字母狂欢节

纸、墨、颜料、毛笔,62,5х59,7 cm, 2008年

书法公园.观念

纸、钢笔尖、墨,29х21cm, 2008年

真诚的书法

布、丙烯、毛笔,90х60 cm, 2008年

波赛但 (祈祷文)

纸、墨、颜料、毛笔,92х59cm, 2008年

字母栅栏

纸、颜料、毛笔,51х43cm, 2008年

教室

布、墨、颜料、毛笔,51,5х99,5 cm, 2004年

工业设计中心装饰字体日

2008年3月28日和29日在印度信息技术研究所工业设计中心举行的印刷和书法研讨会(IDC),孟买市,20х28cm, 2008年
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“世界上字迹潦草的大多数人,只是因为写字时太着急了”。路易斯·卡罗尔