Library is a collection of information, sources, resources, and services: it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. Libraries are integral parts of the country and nation, and indicate the human desire to preserve and collect knowledge, and progress both culturally and intellectually.
Nowadays there are different types of libraries: national, regional, public, specialized, and “academic” (university, institute and school libraries). In Russia we celebrate the so-called Day of Libraries on May 27 thus marking the foundation of the Russian National Library in 1795. the history of archives dates back to the ancient times.
The first libraries appeared in the Ancient East. The most well-known Ancient Eastern library is the Library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh: it contained all cuneiform literature available by that time. The Library of Alexandria is the most famous antique library in the world. It was founded at the beginning of the Third century BC and was the centre of education and science. Over 1500 years ago it was destroyed. There are several versions of how it had happened. The most popular version claims it was burnt down after Alexandria had been captured by the Turk-Osmans. At the beginning of the 21st century the legendary book repository was restored with the collective attempts of different countries.
The medieval ministries contained scriptoriums (the workshops for rewriting the manuscripts). After the invention of book printing press by Johannes Gutenberg, the number of libraries increased and in New Time as the number of literate and educated people grew, there increased the number of library-goers.
The most famous libraries in the world:
Nowadays the libraries are still as valuable and important as they used to be. Many reading halls provide the on-line catalogue services.返回目录